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Vertigo is specifically defined as the illusion of movement.  Not all dizziness is vertigo.  Vertigo can be episodic or constant, mild or intense, but typically is worrisome and disabling to patients who experience it.


Dizziness is a vague, but very common symptom.  It is one of the most common reasons why people seek medical attention.  Dizziness can mean lightheadedness, room spinning, or unsteadiness.  The list of causes of dizziness is extensive and broad, ranging from low blood pressure to inner ear disorders to migraine.  Diagnosing and treating such a symptom can therefore be frustrating and challenging to both physicians and patients.

Causes of Vertigo

Common causes of vertigo include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), labyrinthitis, vestibular neuritis, vestibular migraine, and Ménière’s disease.  Uncommon causes of vertigo include multiple sclerosis, acoustic neuromas, and exposure to ototoxic medications.  Some life threatening causes of vertigo, although rare, do exist and should be ruled out.

Evaluation and Treatment of Vertigo

At the Dizziness Clinic there are three related types of tests for this that you may have in order to help us diagnose you. These include:

  • Video Occulograph

  • Video Nystagmography (VNG)

  • Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential Testing (VEMP)

After a full evaluation, the physician will discuss your treatment option which may include:

  • Steroids

  • Exercises

  • Vestibular therapy

If you are experiencing symptoms of vertigo and would like to discuss your treatment options with Dr. Marc Eisen, our hearing and balance expert, please call (860) 493-1950 or visit our patient portal to request an appointment.