You may oftentimes see vertigo and dizziness used interchangeably. But that’s a common misconception. Vertigo is defined as the illusion of movement, so not all dizziness is vertigo. Vertigo can be episodic and brief, or it can be constant, but it is understandably troubling to patients who experience it.
Dizziness is related to several fear-inducing medical issues, so it’s one of the most common reasons why people seek out medical attention. Dizziness can include lightheadedness, a “room spinning” sensation, or unsteadiness. There are many reasons dizziness can occur, ranging from low blood pressure, migraines, or inner ear disorders. That’s why it can be challenging and frustrating to diagnose and treat the symptoms, for both patient and doctor.
Causes of Vertigo
Some common causes of vertigo are Ménière’s disease, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (known as BPPV), labyrinthitis, vestibular neuritis, and vestibular migraines. There are also some less-common causes of vertigo, such as multiple sclerosis, acoustic neuromas, and exposure to ototoxic medications. Some life-threatening causes of vertigo, though rare, do exist and should be ruled out by a physician.